On the right, North Korean Gen. Nam Il also signs documents.
The Korean War began on June 25, 1950 and ended with a signed armistice on July 27, 1953.
The armistice is a cease-fire, not a peace treaty, and left the Koreas divided and technically in a state of war. This was the beginning of wars that the United States engaged in and did not finish.
It was a brutal environment and the first conflict of the Cold War. Casualties were high, though most numbers are merely estimates. Yet, with all of this death, it is known as the "Forgotten War" and people have lost sight of it and the veterans who served there.
On one side was South Korea and with UN resolution 84, the following countries joined: United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Columbia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Japan, Denmark, Italy, Norway, India and Sweden. The other side was North Korea, joined by the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China and Czechoslovakia.
Today, the United States still maintains bases along the DMZ (demilitarized zone) dividing North and South Korea. Recently, North Korean disavowed the armistice and threatened South Korea and the United States, as well as other democratic nations in the region.
36,516 dead (2,830 non-combat)
1,060 MIA or POW
300 KIA or MIA
28 KIA and 8 MIA
120,000 MIA or POW
114,000 killed in combat
34,000 non-combat deaths
Total civilians killed/wounded: 2.5 Million (est.)
South Korea: 990,968
North Korea: 1,550,000 (est.)
133 men received the Medal of Honor in this conflict. To read their stories, go here.